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2013 IGLA Championship diving competition
Spectators Guide for Diving
By Scott Smith of Minnesota Diving
In a diving competition all competitors will do a list of dives. Each dive is assigned a dive number, and no dive number may be repeated. A set of five judges will score each dive on a scale of zero to ten. The five scores are added together, and then multiplied by the Degree of Difficulty, or DD, to get the total score for each dive.
More Difficult than it Looks
Each dive may be performed in a variety of positions. The more difficult the position, the higher the Degree of Difficulty.
Tuck = Legs bent at the knees and pulled into the body like a ball.
Pike = The body is bent at the waist, and the legs extended without bending at the knees.
Straight (can we say that?) = No bend in the body, legs extended.
Free position = This is a special designation for twisting dives only.
Tuck is the easiest of the positions to perform a dive, Pike is the second most difficult, and Straight is the most difficult. (Ain’t that the truth!)
The judges also evaluate a diver on a number of factors throughout the performance of each dive.
- The starting position, and approach to the end of the board.
- The take-off, leaving the board, the height and distance from the springboard or platform.
- The position of the dive in mid-flight, and the speed and rotation of the dive executed.
- The mechanical technique required to accomplish the required rotations.
- Entry into the water (The less splash created the better).
Cracking the Code
Each dive is assigned a number. Before each dive, it is announced by its number in order to tell judges, spectators and competitors which dive is to be performed. You don’t need to memorize every dive in the book; all you need is the code, and you can understand what will be happening.
The first part of the code refers to the direction the diver will move through the air.
The forward rotation group is designated by 100, backward rotation is designated by 200, reverse by 300, inward by 400 and twisting by 5000. On platform there is also an arm-stand group which is designated by 600.
For all purposes the second number in a non-twisting dive will always be zero (more on twisting dives below).
The third number in the sequence will indicate how many half rotations will be performed.
- 1 = half a rotation (or a regular head first dive)
- 2 = one full rotation or one somersault (entering feet first)
- 3 = one and a half somersaults
- 4 = two somersaults
- 5 = two and a half somersaults
For example a Forward dive is 101, Back dive 201, Reverse dive 301. A Forward 1 somersault is 102, forward one and a half is 103 and so on.
Last is the letter designation. As in “Dive 105(b).” This will tell you what body position the dive will be performed in. An “a” means it will be in “Straight Position,”a “b” indicates a Pike dive, and “c” means it will be in Tuck.
So a 105(b) would be decoded as a Forward dive, no twists, with two and a half somersaults in the pike position.
In the Twisting Group, the dive designation is 5000. The second number in that designation represents the group from which the dive will rotate (Forward, Back, Reverse, or Inward). The third number is the number of rotations by half rotations, and the last number represents the number of twists by half rotations.
An example: Forward one and a half somersaults with one twist is 5132. another example is Back one somersault with one and a half twists is 5223. To break that down for you: 5 is a twister, 2 is the Back group, 2 is the number of half rotations, and 3 is the number of twists by half rotation = 5223.
Flash photography is VERY distracting to divers, as it could BLIND the diver in mid-flight and the diver will lose control. Divers use visual cues to orient ourselves in the air and know when to “come out” of the dives for the entry into the water.
So we ask that, if you use a camera, PLEASE TURN OFF THE FLASH.
We hope that this will help you enjoy and understand diving a bit better. Enjoy the artistry of our sport, and appreciate the difficulty and variety of dives performed. You will see many dives, some not so difficult, but extremely beautiful, and many that are of Olympic level. Be sure to let the divers know how much you appreciate them.